How to Adopt a Child

Domestic Information on Adoption: Ten Steps

Follow these 10 steps to your new family!
These steps serve as an overview of the
basics you need to know in order to adopt
a waiting child or teenager in the United States.


1. LEARN about Adoption
Being here is a good first step. Read through all of the information on adoption available in this
section and in the All About Adoption sections. Check out our Online Courses. Our Bookstore
also has many books pre-selected for their content value.

You can also look for books and magazines about adoption at bookstores, libraries and on
other internet sites. Attend an adoptive parents' support group or adoption conferences. Visit
for agencies' websites, asking for further information in the form of brochures or orientation
sessions. Learn about the types of adoption, including how to adopt a child waiting in the U.S.
through agencies in your state.

2. SELECT an Agency
You must work with an agency licensed in the state where you reside. Contact several agencies
to ask about the type of children they place, their fee structure, how they assess and prepare
families, and how long it will take. Get references: speak with other parents who have used the
agency you are investigating. Check whether the agency is licensed by your state to provide
adoption services. You do not need an attorney at this point, but you may want to ask which
legal services will be provided by your agency and which services you may be responsible for
on your own.

3. COMPLETE a Homestudy
A homestudy is a series of meetings between you and an agency social worker. Think of it as
an ongoing conversation which is part of the approval process for adoption and also serves to
prepare you for parenting. The social worker who prepares your homestudy will need certain
documents such as birth certificates, marriage license, child abuse clearances and personal
references before finalizing his or her report. At least one meeting will be at your home an all
who live in your home will need to be in attendance. The social worker is not there to do a
“white glove” test of your home, but is there to ensure that you and your family are prepared to
have a child or youth in the home and are ready to parent. Your social worker can also answer
questions for you and point you in the direction of further resources to support you as you
move along on your journey.

4. SEARCH for a Child
You begin the search for a child, teenager or sibling group when your homestudy is complete
and approved. Your agency will have children in its care or your worker will search by
networking with other child placing agencies. You can also be active in the search. View our
waiting children. Explore other exchanges' or agencies' photolistings of children.

5. EXCHANGE Information with Child's Agency
Each time you locate a child who seems like the right match to all parties involved, your worker
and the child's worker exchange information. Your homestudy is sent. If the child's worker is
interested in your family, you may receive the child’s profile. This step of the process may take
some time and calls for both patience and persistence.

6. LEARN that You Have Been Selected for a Child
You and several other families may be considered at the same time. The child's worker makes
the final decision on which family can best meet the child's needs. When you are selected, more
confidential information is shared, so that you can be sure this is the child for you. If the child's
parental rights are not legally terminated, it will be done at this time.

7. MEET and VISIT with the child
The first meeting with the child is followed by several visits over a few weeks or months. If the
child lives in another state, the child's agency will work with you to arrange for at least one or
two visits. Paperwork, such as the Interstate Compact or adoption assistance agreement is
completed. You are getting ready to add a new child to your life.

8. RECEIVE a Placement
The placement date is when the child comes to live in your home. Your agency will visit and
work with you for several months in post placement supervision. During this time you file a legal
intent to adopt petition.

9. FINALIZE Your Adoption
Your child or teenager becomes a legal part of your family when you attend a court session
where a judge finalizes your adoption. You will receive an amended birth certificate and a
certificate of adoption.

10. LIVE AS AN ADOPTIVE FAMILY
Adoption doesn't end after finalization. You will continue to learn about adoptive parenting. Talk
with your child and others about adoption, find support and services for your child's needs, and
connect with other adoptive parents. And, when you are ready, consider adopting again.

Genwich Life Services LLC

"Successfully guiding multi generational families through life stage planning"
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